“If you don’t think your anxiety, depression, sadness and stress impact your physical health, think again. All of these emotions trigger chemical reactions in your body, which can lead to inflammation and a weakened immune system. Learn how to cope, sweet friend. There will always be dark days.”— Kris Carr
First let me make this clear, stress affects everyone and stress is not always bad. In fact, stress is one of the best survival tool, it heightens your senses, helps you avoid accidents or power through deadlines. People might say they do not feel stress or that they never experienced anything like stress. However, this is not exactly true because people who say they are not affected by stress just do not recognize that it is stress that affects them. Stress is how human brain and body respond to any demand and there are different types of demands. For example small demands (stressors) such as not being able to remember a word, or intensive demands (stressors) such as losing a loved one which can be extremely harmful stress. Which is why it is important to pay attention to how you deal with minor and major stress events so that you learn to notice stress and ask help if it is too hard to manage on your own. Let’s talk about the main 3 categories of stress now that we established that STRESS AFFECTS EVERYONE.
“Happiness is a choice. You can choose to be happy. There’s going to be stress in life, but it’s your choice whether you let it affect you or not.”— Valerie Bertinelli
- ACUTE STRESS
It is the most common type of stress. Everyone experiences this type of stress on daily basis. For example, it might be the missing keys or an argument with the family member and the list goes on. It’s your body’s immediate reaction to a new challenge, event, or demand, and it triggers your fight-or-flight response.
Acute stress can be positive as well, for example the feeling when you are riding a roller coaster or someone jumps out in front of you and scares you.
Nowadays the pressure and demands of modern life may put your body in a heightened state of acute stress, which overtime may cause serious psychological and physical problems if not learned how to manage.
- EPISODIC STRESS
This is what happens when you experience acute stress too frequently. People experiencing episodic stress tend to have short-temper, they are easily irritable, and anxious. Example of episodic stress is constant arguing with family or any type of bullying.
Episodic stress is dangerous for your health, people experiencing episodic stress have difficulties adapting, and changing their lifestyle. They accept episodic constant stress as part of their life.
- CHRONIC STRESS
This is the most dangerous type of stress, it can be caused by any type of stress when it is not controlled and prolonged. This stress is constant and does not go away.
Chronic stress often develops for people who are unhappily married, come from poverty, have a dysfunctional family, a bad job or illness. And these are only the few most often cases of people with chronic stress.
This type of stress can be harmful to your health, it can contribute to serious physical and psychological health risks: heart disease, cancer, suicide, and many more.
- Furnham, A. (2017). Dark side correlates of job reliability and stress tolerance in two large samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 117, pp.255-259.
- Janis, I. (2014). Psychological Stress. Saint Louis: Elsevier Science.
- Website: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/145855.php
- Website: https://www.healthline.com/health/whats-your-stress-type#types-of-stress